Key Findings

  • Up to 18% of women of childbearing age have Anaemia.
  • Lower levels of circulating iron have been associated with depression and anxiety.

If you are feeling depressed or have been diagnosed with anxiety or depression, there may be a biological explanation, which is relatively easily resolved.  Iron deficiency can cause anaemia and is associated with depression and anxiety. It is more common in women of childbearing age and women who are breastfeeding. 



  • Don’t change any medications without consulting your doctor.
  • Test your iron levels.
  • Consult your doctor to resolve any iron deficiencies.

The misogyny of iron deficiency

  1. Dugan,1 B. MacLean,1 K. Cabolis,2 S. Abeysiri,3 A. Khong,4 M. Sajic4 and T. Richards5 on behalf of the Women’s Health research Collaborative*

Investigating the relationship between iron and depression

Natalie T.MillsabcRobertMaiercdJohn B.WhitfieldaMargaret J.WrightcLuciaColodro-CondeeEnda M.ByrnecdJames G.ScottfghGerard J.ByrneiNarelle K.HansellcAnna A.E.VinkhuyzencdBaptisteCouvyDuchesneacdGrant W.MontgomerycdAnjali K.HenderscdNicholas G.MartinaNaomi R.WraycdBebenBenyamincd