STI / STD Factsheet



  • STI or STD is a term for Sexually Transmitted Infections of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
  • STI is an umbrella term for a number of infections that are primarily passed from one individual to another through intimate contact.
  • The most common STI conditions are HIV, Hepatitis B and C, Syphilis, Herpes (HSV 1/2), Gonorrhea, Chlamydia.
  • 1 in 5 sexually active people in the USA has an STD. Doctors confirm that there is an STD epidemic. These statistics are fairly similar across all Western world.
  • STD may cause a variety of symptoms. Most importantly, STDs are often asymptomatic – causing no symptoms. This increases the spreading of the disease. Another outcome of an asymptomatic STD is that untreated STD leads to complications that vary from infertility, chronic inflammation to death.
  • Regular testing for STD is the best way to identify the problem and treat it early.
  • Risk factors for STD / STI include:
    • being sexually active.
    • living or working with people who are likely to have STD / STI.
    • drugs and alcohol abuse as it leads to disinhibited behaviour.
    • some mental health problems.
  • Some services offer Anonymous discreet STD / STI services.


Optimal Health


  • Optimal health is achieved by a complete absence of an STD.
  • Testing for STD / STI is essential for any person at risk.
  • Should any STI be identified, a person should seek medical attention.


Symptoms of STI / STD


  • Syphilis: Most of the patients experience a classic progression of this condition starting with a single painless lesion at the place the bacteria called Treponema pallidum entered the body. However, a great number of patients experience an atypical progression of this STD.
  • HIV: HIV virus is slowly destroying the immune system of an individual. That results in infections, cancers and death.
  • Hepatitis B and C:
  • Herpes (HSV 1/2): small fever blisters (vesicles) on the mouth or genitals.
  • Gonorrhea: burning, painful urination and abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina. Gonorrhea may affect the genital area, throat and anus.
  • Chlamydia: frequent painful urination, abdominal and back pain, tiredness.


Download this factsheet in PDF format here.